What is High Blood Pressure or Hypertension?

What is High blood pressure or Hypertension, it is a long term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. High blood pressure usually does not cause symptoms. Long term high blood pressure, however, is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, stroke, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, vision loss, and chronic kidney disease. High blood pressure is a widely misunderstood medical condition. Some people think that those with hypertension are tense, nervous or hyperactive, but hypertension has nothing to do with personality traits. The truth is, you can be a calm, relaxed person and still have HBP.

Having high blood pressure can permanently damage your heart, brain, kidneys and eyes before you know anything is going on. High blood pressure also puts you at greater risk and can lead also lead to heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, and other health problems.

How exactly is high blood pressure diagnosed? Your healthcare providers will want to get an accurate picture of your blood pressure and chart what happens over time. If your blood pressure is higher than normal your doctor may want to track your readings for your blood pressure over time because a single reading does not mean you have high blood pressure.

However, if readings stay at 140/90 mm Hg or above (systolic 140 or above OR diastolic 90 or above) over time, your doctor will likely want you to begin treatment for high blood pressure. Such a program almost always includes lifestyle changes and often prescription medication for those with readings of 140/90 or higher The goal of treatment is to reduce your blood pressure so that you have a lower risk of complications. You and your provider should set a blood pressure goal for you and what treatment plan you should follow.

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