November is the month of giving. We celebrate the Thanksgiving holiday and begin shopping for our loved ones for Christmas. We also give back by creating awareness for Diabetes Mellitus (or commonly known as Diabetes).
What is Diabetes?
According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, “Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy.” You get glucose (or sugar) from all the foods you eat. Glucose is converted to energy from Insulin. Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas.
What are the two types of Diabetes?
There are two forms of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2.
- Type 1 Diabetes – is when the pancreas doesn’t make the hormone insulin. Your immune system personally attacks the cells in the pancreas needed to make the hormone. This type of diabetes is common in children and young adults.
- Type 2 Diabetes is the most common type in individuals. It’s when your body doesn’t make any insulin at all or when it doesn’t take in insulin well. This type of diabetes is most common in older individuals.
How to Diagnose?
- Type 1 – There are many types of blood tests that may determine if you have Type 1 diabetes. For instance there are fast blood glucose tests, oral glucose tolerance tests, random blood glucose tests and A1C tests. To learn more about each type of testing click here. It’s recommended that you schedule an appointment with your doctor to see which test is best for you.
- Type 2 – A1C test are blood tests “that measure your average blood glucose, or blood sugar, level over the past 3 months, according to Medline Plus”. Based on the chard below, the levels range from 0 to 6.5 or above!
*Photo Courtesy of National institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Are there Treatments?
You need to know which type of diabetes you have to know your treatment plan. Each type has different forms of treatment. Once you are aware of the type of diabetes you have, your doctor can recommend the forms of medications, diets, insulin levels and more you need to take. We highly recommended that you schedule an appointment with your doctor to best find a treatment plan that suits you as an individual.
If you would like to know more about diabetes mellitus or to speak with a doctor, call (904)513-3240 or click here to contact us.