What is Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum. Colon cancer is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.Colon cancer arises from the inner wall of the large intestine. Signs and symptoms may include blood in the stool, a change in bowel movements, weight loss, and feeling tired all the time. You may be wondering what puts you at risk for colon cancer.
Family history of colon cancer, colon polyps and ulcerative colitis are some of the contributing factors that may increase your risk for colon cancer. Colon polyps and early cancer may have no symptoms. Therefore regular screening is important. If you are having related symptoms as discussed above it is important to get a diagnosis from your doctor so you can be treated in a timely manner. YOur doctor can confirm colon cancer diagnosis with a colonoscopy biopsy to confirm whether cancer tissue is there.
Colon Cancer Therapy:
Now that you have been diagnosed with colon cancer it is now time to begin therapy. Which treatment option is best for you is important to be discussed with your doctor. Treatments can range from surgery, to radiation to chemotherapy. It’s important that you think carefully about each of your choices. You will want to weigh the benefits of each treatment option against the possible risks and side effects. Treatment for colon cancer is based largely on the stage (extent) of the cancer, but other factors can also be important. For example a person with colon cancer that has not spread to other locations usually have surgery as their first treatment. Chemotherapy may also be used.
What is the prognosis for colon cancer after seeking treatment? A colon cancer prognosis, or expectation as to the outcome of the disease, is based on several factors, such as the type and location of the cancer and the stage of the disease. Other factors that may affect a colon cancer prognosis include the patient’s age, general health, and also response to treatment.